WWI Air Force Cross group of four -one confirmed kill June 1917 (Capt A.B. Wright, R.A.F.) With Boy Scout named medal


Air Force Cross (Geo V) unnamed as issued; British War and Victory medal pair (Capt A.B. Wright, R.A.F.); Boy Scout Medal engraved (A.B. Wright, 14-11-34) Medal are very fine, swing mounted with original horizontal ribbon on AFC.

Arthur Banks Wright was born on October 4, 1894 and was a resident of Glasgow, Scotland when he enlisted with the 6th Battalion, Highland Light Infantry, naming his mother as his next-of-kin (Mrs. C.L. Wright). He attained the rank of 2nd Lieutenant effective October 18, 1914, as mentioned in the second supplement to the London Gazette 28971 of Tuesday, November 10, 1914 on Wednesday November 11, 1914, page 9236. He was transferred to the Royal Flying Corps and was posted Oxford on October 24, 1916, then to Renfrew on December 28th, before being transferred to Vendome for instruction on January 10, 1917. Two months later he was placed with the Training Brigade on March 14th and assigned to No. 6 Squadron, Central Flying School. Wright was named a Flying Officer effective April 7, 1917, as mentioned in the London Gazette on May 2, 1917 and in Flight Magazine on May 10, 1917, page 462. He was transferred to No. 2 (Auxiliary) School of Aerial Gunnery on April 23rd and earned a distinguished certificate as an Instructor of Signalling from the Army Signal School. Wright was posted to No 23 Squadron on May 5th as a Stationary Scout and entered the French theatre with this unit. The first week in June 1917 saw a build-up in aerial activity by the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service prior to the Battle of Messines, which commenced on June 7th and lasted until the 14th June also the operational debut of the Sopwith Camel Fighter, with the first unit to be equipped being No 4 Squadron RNAS, while the first RFC Squadron to receive the type, No. 70, replaced its now obsolescent Sopwith 1 1/2 strutters. Captain Wright was mentioned in a Royal Flying Corps communique on June 7, 1917 “Six Spads of 23 Squadron encountered a formation of HA (Hostile Aircraft) and in the ensuing combat, Captain D.A.L. Davidson and A.B. Wright drove down one HA and Captain Wright fired into it as it fell from close range and the HA crashed. Ten days later, he was in Pursuit of E.A. (Enemy Aircraft) when he was wounded in the foot by E.A. fire, in France while with No 23 Squadron on June 17, 1917. He was subsequently hospitalized and it was during this period of hospitalization that Wright was named a Lieutenant (Temporary) Captain. London Gazette July 31, 1917. He was posted to No 6 Training Station, then to No. 3 Aircraft Acceptance pakr and was finally declared “fit” for high flying by a medical board on March 15, 1918 and was designated a delivery pilot. When the RFC and RNAS merged to form the RAF on April 1, 1918, he was transferred to the RAF. Beginning on November 7, 1918, he was posted to No 2 School of Aerial Fighting and Gunnery placed “for disposal” on December 1st, before returning to No 2 school AFG on May 22, 1919. Lieutenant (Acting Captain) Wright, RAF, Highland Light Infantry was awarded his Air Force Cross at mentioned in the Thirteenth Supplement to the London Gazette 31378 of Friday May 30, 1919 on Tuesday June 3, 1919 page 7035. He was transferred to the unemployed list on June 2, 1919. During his flying career, Wright was credited with having flown Candrons, Curitiss BE2c’s , BE2d’s, BE2e’s and BE2F’s, Martinsydes, Spads, SESA, Avros, Sopwith Bombers, Sopwith Two-Seaters, Bristol Scouts, Sopwith Scouts, Sopwith Camels, RE8’s, Sopwith Dolphins, A.W.’s D.H. 5s D.H. 6 and Be12’s and BE12as.
He was briefly restored to the Active List on April 14, 1921, then transferred to the unemployed list on cessation of temporary duty effective June 4, 1921.
After the war, Wright was living in England and continued his work with the Boys Scouts and awarded the Boy Scout medal on Nov 14, 1934. He medal originated in the 1930s. Its swastika design denoted life and good luck in many cultures and religions for more than 3000 years. The overlaying Fleur-de-Lys was a chosen as a symbol of scounting by Baden Powell.

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